Health, Lifestyle

Common Causes of Knee Pain and Their Symptoms


GUEST POST by Alyssa Molan

Knee pain is one of the most common problems faced by senior citizens and daily working people alike. It generally is chronic and causes a lot of pain and discomfort.  The pain in knees is caused due to several reasons. The knee joint has a knee cap that cushions any sudden blows to the knee joint in case of a fall. Also, when we walk, the knee joints tend to face the friction and that damages the joint over ages. This makes it weak and prone to more injuries. All the causes of knee pain have several cures, but for that, you need to ensure that the diagnosis of the cause of your knee pain is right.

Generally, pain in knees is associated with arthritis. Arthritis simply means inflammation of joints. But what most people fail to understand is that there are over 100 different forms of arthritis, each caused due to various causes. That is why it is essential to first pinpoint the cause of your pain before defining the treatment course.

Sometimes, a person can have a condition that aggravates arthritis. Many people misread such cases and assume it to be a pain that is inevitable with age when it is not. So, to steer clear of all the misconceptions related to knee pain, here are all the common cause of knee pain every person should know.

Most Common Causes of Knee Pain:

1. Cartilage Tears: Cartilage is a tough yet flexible tissue that covers the bone ends. The cartilage in knee comprises the menisci on either side of the joint and thereby ensures more flexibility. A tear in this cartilage is called meniscus tear in medical terms. This tear is a common kind of injury. When you have a fall during which excess weight is applied on one knee, the cartilage is bound to tear. Such tears can cause acute knee pain problems which can worsen with time if left unattended. In most cases, it requires surgery to mend these tears.

2. Rheumatoid Knee Arthritis: This is a kind of a disorder involving the tissue around the knee joint. The tissue becomes irregularly inflamed and thickened. This chronic inflammation leads to the damage to the cartilage. Sometimes, this can lead to a complete loss of cartilage. This is one of the severe types of arthritis and can permanently damage the knee if not treated at early stages. Out of all the arthritis cases, 15% is rheumatoid arthritis.

3. Knee Osteoarthritis: This is one of the most common types of arthritis. This is found commonly in old people and is caused due to the continuous and progressive wearing of the knee cartilage between the joint. Mostly a problem occurring after the age of 50. With the wearing out of the knee cartilage, the range of motion of the knee joint gets limited. Other than that, the stiffness of the knee, swelling of the joint, deformity, tenderness and acute pain is caused. Osteoarthritis is governed by several factors like age, genes, previous injuries and illnesses, weight, etc. Overweight people are more likely to suffer from this problem as the knees are under more pressure.

4. Post Traumatic Knee Pain: This kind of knee pain is a result of a knee injury like a ligament tear or a bone fracture. The knee is a fragile joint and if there is a severe injury which is not given proper attention, it can escalate and become a chronic knee pain problem. If not tended to, the cartilage can get damaged over time and lead to stiffness and swelling.

All these common causes of knee pain can be avoided with proper care. Also, once the cause is figured out, treating knee pain becomes extremely easy.

Written by Alyssa Molan

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